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A.M. Gorky Institute
of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

IWL RAS Publishing

A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Povarskaya 25a, 121069 Moscow, Russia



Types of publications

About the author

Natalia V. Prashcheruk, DSc in Philology, Professor, Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, 51 Lenin Ave., 620000 Ekaterinburg, Russia.


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The image of the estate — “noble nest” is one of the key ones in Bunin’s depiction of Russian world. This image is illuminated before a reader by writer`s works of different years. It is examined how this image is changing, is subjected to correction and even transformation depending on the time when the book was written. Prognostic and culturally sensitive writer’s concept translated into a fatal attachment of the characters to the estate (“Sukhodol”). That attachment is akin to a religion. Writer’s concept is implemented this way with help of master poetics of surrealism that create the picture where “dreams are sometimes richer than reality”. The dramaticism of culturally sensitive view is replaced by the tragic of an apocalyptic vision in the works of beginning emigrant period (“Nameday”). The phase of “return” of Russian estate to timeless space of culture begins in 1930s — 1940s (“Wanderings”, “The Life of Arseniev”). The culture as well as the Russian world as a whole is illuminated as “not temporary and distorted but eternal and metaphysically enlightened”. It is necessary to bear in mind that in addition to cross-cutting transformations of the estate’s image, world of the estate is organically linked with the general concept in every specific work. This image is enriched with new semantic focuses and nuances every time.

  • Keywords: prose, Bunin, estate world, transformation, poetics, historiosophy, culture, metaphysics, space.


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