Information about the author:
Aysa N. Bitkeeva
Aysa N. Bitkeeva, DSc in Philology, Leading Researcher, Research Center on Ethnic and Language Relations, Institute of Linguistics RAS, B. Kislovsky per., 1 p. 1, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3765-2144
The article deals with the language problems of modern Russia in the context of new goals and methods of language policy research. In presentday conditions, the need for prognosis is actualized in order to increase the productivity of language policy measures,preventing ethnolinguistic conflicts. One of the ways to improve the effectiveness of language policy is considered in scenario method in regard of the development of language policy. The use of the scenario method for an expert assessment of the current language situation in the Russian Federation, its trends, ideologies and actors is one of the most efficient and should subsequently form the basis for language policy planning in the Russian Federation. In Russian and foreign scientific discourse, the issues of sociolinguistic prognosis have been poorely considered, therefore this scientific topic should be considered a new one, aimed at researching and forming the future of the languages of Russia. The article also considers the conceptual and methodological aspects of linguistic biography, on example of Taz ethnic group analyzes positive and critical discourses in the autobiographical narrations about native language, culture, historical memory, etc. Nowadays, in scientific discourse, linguistic biography is interpreted more broadly and develops especially actively in the context of interdisciplinary research. In this context,linguistic biography is understood as a linguistic reconstruction of the history of the people, as a rule, it does not have a specific textual form, it is projected through autobiographical narratives, in the form of long narrative texts. The main method of gaining knowledge about linguistic biography is interviews, broad autobiographical narratives, the central theme of which is language/ languages.
Keywords: languages of Russia, language policy, prognostic methods of the development of linguistic diversity.