Select your language

logo br en 1

A.M. Gorky Institute
of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

IWL RAS Publishing

A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Povarskaya 25a, 121069 Moscow, Russia



Types of publications

  • Classification – name: Literary studies
  • Author: Olga A. Bogdanova
  • Pages: 687–764
  • Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
  • Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
  • Rights – URL: Visit Website
  • Language of the publication: Russian
  • Type of document: Research Article
  • Collection: Dostoevsky’s Novel The Adolescent: Current State of Research
  • DOI:
  • EDN:

  • Year of publication: 2022
  • Place of publication: Moscow
  • PDF

  • Bogdanova, O.A. “Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Novel The Adolescent in the Research of Russian Authors of the First Half of the 20th Century: An Analytical Review.” Dostoevsky’s Novel The Adolescent: Current State of Research. Editor-in-Chief T.A. Kasatkina. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2022, pp. 687–764. (In Russ.)

Information about the author:

Olga A. Bogdanova, DSc in Philology, Leading Research Fellow, Department of Russian Literature of the Late 19th – Early 20th Centuries, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.


E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


The history of the perception of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s novel The Adolescent in the first half of the 20th century is divided into two qualitatively different periods: the Silver Age and the 1920s-1940s. The peculiarity of the first one is the discovery of Dostoevsky as a philosopher and religious thinker, while the second is characterized by the awareness of him as an original artist. Therefore, in the first period, “ideological” and “spiritual” interpretations of The Adolescent prevailed (D.S. Merezhkovsky, V.F. Pereverzev, N.A. Berdyaev, and others), in the second — scientific studies of his poetics and especially of the manuscript corpus (V.L. Komarovich, A.L. Bem, G.I. Chulkov, A.S. Dolinin, and others). The development of the main areas of study of The Adolescent in the 1920s and 1940s (biography, psychoanalysis, and poetics) is considered in chronological order. There is no clear distinction between Soviet and emigrant researchers, although it is stated the difference in the conditions in which they worked. Among more than three dozen works with subtle observations, compelling intuitions, and important discoveries, the article recognizes the peak of the study of The Adolescent during these years in the chapter dedicated to the novel in the book Dostoevsky. Life and Creativity (1947) by the emigrant scholar Konstantin Mochulsky. The work, nourished by almost the entire research discourse on both sides of the USSR border, combines religious-philosophical and formal-aesthetic approaches to the novel and offers a holistic view of its problems; nevertheless, it is free from traces of the ideological coercion that Soviet scientists experienced in the 1930s and 1940s.

  • Keywords: Fyodor Dostoevsky, The Adolescent, first half of the 20th century, the Silver Age, Soviet research, Russian emigration, religious and philosophical interpretation, manuscript corpus, biography, psychoanalysis, poetics.


Find book in the current section