About the author:
Natalya V. Kornienko, Сorresponding Member of RAS, DSc in Philology, А.М. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 а, 121069 Moscow, Russia.
The paper analyses the campaign for art’s national character (which took place in the Soviet Union during the 1930s) so as to present one of the most profound and prolific specialists in folklore, I.I. Kravchenko, who is known as the author of the article Sholokhov and Folklore, a classical philological work dedicated to the writer’s short stories and novels. The article’s text (which was initially published in the “Literary Critic” magazine in 1940) is provided here in its original version: without the lengthy abridgements and corrections made by the editors, but with the improvements inserted by I.I. Kravchenko in his manuscript.