About the author:
Natalya V. Kornienko, Сorresponding Member of RAS, DSc in Philology, А.М. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 а, 121069 Moscow, Russia.
The article provides for the first time those reflections on and assessments of M.A. Sholokhov’s personality and literary works which were made by the famous Soviet writer (and the active participant of literary process during the 1930s and 1940s) V.V. Vishnevsky in his diaries. Analyzing V.V. Vishnevsky’s judgments, the article highlights how Sholokhov’s literary works were comprehended — regarding their social and aesthetical value — by the writer’s contemporaries and what characteristics and results this comprehension implied.