Classification – name: Literary studies
Format: Hardback
Dimensions: 60 х 90 1/16
Pages: 480 p.
Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
Rights – URL:
Language of the publication: Russian
Type of document: Collection of articles
Funder: Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR)
Funder – grant number: 21-112-00088
ISBN: 978-5-9208-0664-2
Year of publication: 2021
Date of publication: November 2021
Place of publication: Moscow


Ex. editor: Alexander V. Gulin
L.N. Tolstoy: Moral Search and Creative Laboratory. Ed. Alexander V. Culin. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2021. 480 p. (In Russian).

About ex.editor:

Alexander V. Gulin, DSc in Philology, Leading Research Fellow, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



The publication was carried out with financial support of Russian Foundation for basic research (RFBR) Project № 21-112-00088, not for sale


The collective work is devoted to the multidimensional issue of reflection of Leo Tolstoy’s spiritual and moral views in his works. The authors reveal a deep connection between the writer’s spiritual movement (mainly in the 1860–1870s — the time of creating great novels “War and Peace” and “Anna Karenina”) and the creative history, poetics and problematics of his works. The originality of Tolstoy’s moral concepts, the peculiarities of their relation to the national spiritual tradition, as well as to the contemporary ideological movements, are examined. The book is basically an analytical interpretation of findings and discoveries of a team of specialists engaged in the preparation of the Complete Works by Leo Tolstoy in 100 volumes, which is carried out at IWL RAS.



From the editor

I. L.N. Tolstoy in the 1860s and the Epic Novel “War and Peace”

Alexander V. Gulin

The Epic Novel “War and Peace” as a Religious and Poetic Unity

Viktor I. Shcherbakov

Document and Fact in the Artistic World of Tolstoy (Based on the Novel “War and Peace”)

Irina B. Pavlova

Prince Andrei’s Premortal Dream Episode in the Epic Novel “War and Peace”: Lexico-stylistic Analysis

Viktor I. Shcherbakov

Moscow and Petersburg in Tolstoy’s “War and Peace” 

Irina B. Pavlova

Concerning the World Harmony and the Human Debt in the Epic Novel “War and Peace” (Symbolism of Petya Rostov’s Premortal Dream)

Lyudmila V. Gladkova (Kalyuzhnaya)

“Why Do I Need a Heart, If There Is No One to Love...” Sentimental Correspondence of Tolstoy’s Teachers A.I. Osten-Saken and T.A. Ergolskaya

Irina B. Pavlova

Functions of the Motive of Aquatic Element and Water Substance in the Artistic System of the Epic Novel “War and Peace” by L.N. Tolstoy

II. L.N. Tolstoy in the 1870s and the Novel “Anna Karenina”

Marina A. Mozharova

Textual Criticism of L.N. Tolstoy’s Unfinished Works of 1860–1870s

Alexander V. Gulin

A Novel from the Times of Peter I in the Spiritual and Creative Movement of Leo Tolstoy

Galina N. Kovaleva

Artistic Detail as an Element of Psychological Characteristics in the <Novel from the Times of Peter I> and in the Novel “Anna Karenina” by Leo Tolstoy

Valeria G. Andreeva

Character System in Leo Tolstoy’s Novel “Anna Karenina”: the Role of Secondary, Tertiary and Episodic Characters in the Creation of the Work’s Artistic Integrity

Natalia I. Gorodilova

L.N. Tolstoy’s Novel “Anna Karenina” in Russian Criticism: Typology of Positive Reviews (1875)

Irina I. Sizova

Peasant Diaries and Folk Theme in L.N. Tolstoy’s Creative Laboratory of the 1870s 

III. L.N. Tolstoy in the 1880s–1900s

Yuri V. Prokopchuk

Metaphysics in the “Code of Thoughts of Leo Tolstoy”

Svetlana Yu. Nikolaeva

Tolstoy’s Book “The Reading Circle”: The Genre Issue

Olga A. Kaznina

Ideas of “Virtue” and “Beauty” in the Context of L.N. Tolstoy’s Spiritual and Aesthetic Search

Keywords: L.N. Tolstoy, Russian literature, “War and Peace”, “Anna Karenina”, poetics, textology.