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A.M. Gorky Institute
of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

IWL RAS Publishing

A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Povarskaya 25a, 121069 Moscow, Russia



Types of publications

Information about the author:

Yuri. A. Azarov, DSc in Philology, Director of Research, А.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.


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The article includes the examples that refl ect the life and creative activity of the prominent representatives of Russian literature during the Second World War. Among them are I.D. Surguchyov, Don-Aminado (A.P. Shpolyansky), general P.N. Krasnov, G.V. Ivanov, N.A. Taffy, M.A. Osorgin, D.S. Merezhkovsky, Z.N. Gippius, I.A. Bunin, I.S. Shmelyov, B.K. Zaitsev and others. The article notes that the Second World War exposed many contradictions hidden in peacetime. Some of the Émigré writers collaborated with the Nazis and took part in “Parizhsky Vestnik” and in “Novoe Slovo” (Berlin) newspapers published with the support of the Nazis. They considered Germany’s war against the USSR as a historical campaign against Bolshevism and the only opportunity in recent conditions to destroy it. The author of the article analyzes V.I. Goryansky’s satirical poems on the pages of the “Parizhsky Vestnik” for the fi rst time: namely “The Cheerful Churchill,” “Spring Tornado” and other publications. The article demonstrates the participation of the representatives of the Russian Émigré literature in fi ght against fascism and in the Résistance Movement. These examples show that the majority of the Russian Émigré writers retained patriotic feelings towards the abandoned homeland and did not support Hitler’s aggressive plans.

  • Keywords: Russian Émigré literature, the Second World War, the end of the “Russian Рaris,” the Résistance Movement, collaborationism, V.I. Goryansky.


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