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A.M. Gorky Institute
of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

IWL RAS Publishing

A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Povarskaya 25a, 121069 Moscow, Russia



Types of publications

Information about the author:

Tatiana K. Savchenko, DSc in Philology, Senior Researcher, Professor, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute, Akademika Volgina, 6, 117485 Moscow, Russia.


E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 


The article is devoted to the problem of combating homelessness in Soviet Russia of the 1920s and its coverage in the work of S.A. Esenin (poems “Papirosniki” and “Russia Homeless”). Child homelessness as a consequence of wars, revolutions, mass famine, epidemics, devastation, then repression and collectivization reached a threatening size in the first half of the 1920s and became one of the most difficult problems that arose before the Soviet state. The article examines causes, scope and nature of child homelessness. The social and socio-political situation in Moscow and all-Russia is being reconstructed in the context of which Esenin worked on his works. It is shown that the problem is solved by the author from a moral point of view. The article presents the unrealized artistic plans of the poet to create works — both in poetry and in prose — devoted to the problem of homelessness. The conclusion shows that in the post-perestroika era in modern Russia, a situation much similar to the 1920s developed. Currently, child homelessness as a dangerous social phenomenon, although not on the same scale as in the 1990s, remains a Russian reality.

  • Keywords: S.A. Esenin, сombating child homelessness in Soviet Russia of the 1920s,“Papirosniki,” “Russia Homeless.”


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