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A.M. Gorky Institute
of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

IWL RAS Publishing

A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Povarskaya 25a, 121069 Moscow, Russia



Types of publications

  • Classification – name: Literary studies
  • Author: Elizaveta E. Baldanmaksarova
  • Pages: 107–129
  • Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
  • Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
  • Rights – URL: Visit Website
  • Language of the publication: Russian
  • Type of document: Research Article
  • Collection: Translation, Interpretation, Commentary in the Eastern and Western Literature
  • DOI:
  • EDN:

  • Year of publication: 2023
  • Place of publication: Moscow
  • PDF

  • Baldanmaksarova, E.E. “‛The Secret History of the Mongols’: Problems of Its Translation, Perception in Russia in the First Half of the 20th Century.” Perevod, interpretatsiia, kommentarii v literaturakh Vostoka i Zapada [Translation, Interpretation, Commentary in the Eastern and Western Literature], ex. ed. by Olga E. Nesterova and others. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2023, pp. 107–129. (In Russ.)

Information about the author:

Elizaveta E. Baldanmaksarova, DSc in Philology, Leading Research Fellow, А.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.


E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 


The article is devoted to the historical and literary monuments of medieval Mongolian literature called “The Secret History of the Mongols”. The palm of the introduction of this work into the scientific circulation belongs to Russian Oriental Studies. The finding of his short text in transcription by Chinese characters in the Beijing Imperial Library by Palladium Kafarov, translation, commenting, compiling a dictionary and publishing this text by him in the Works of Members of the Russian Spiritual Mission in Beijing was an event that marked the beginning of his study. In the first half of the 20th century the first scientific work of S.A. Kozin, dedicated to the study of “The Secret History of the Mongols”, which was highly praised in world Mongol studies. The output of this work, including reconstruction, restoration of the original prose-poetic text and its presentation in the Mongolian language, as well as in translation into Russian, interpretation by the author, his description, his research approach, the principles of translation undertaken by him, raised to a new higher level study of medieval texts. This work of Kozin was an impulse for further study of the “Secret History of the Mongols” in Eurasian space. The analysis of the monument undertaken in this article by the example of S.A. Kozina allowed us to consider some urgent problems, in particular, the problems of translating ancient texts, their interpretation, commenting and perception in Russian Mongolian studies.

  • Keywords: medieval Mongolian literature, Russian Mongolian studies, “The Secret History of the Mongols”, text, translation, reception.


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