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A.M. Gorky Institute
of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

IWL RAS Publishing

A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Povarskaya 25a, 121069 Moscow, Russia



Types of publications

  • Classification – name: Literary studies
  • Author: Marina L. Reisner
  • Pages: 387–414
  • Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
  • Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
  • Rights – URL: Visit Website
  • Language of the publication: Russian
  • Type of document: Research Article
  • Collection: Translation, Interpretation, Commentary in the Eastern and Western Literature
  • DOI:
  • EDN:

  • Year of publication: 2023
  • Place of publication: Moscow
  • PDF

  • Reisner, M.L. “In the Search of Secret Meaning: the Role of ‛Inner Commentary’ in the Nasir-i Khusraw’s Poetic Works (11 Cent.).” Perevod, interpretatsiia, kommentarii v literaturakh Vostoka i Zapada [Translation, Interpretation, Commentary in the Eastern and Western Literature], ex. ed. by Olga E. Nesterova and others. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2023, pp. 387–414. (In Russ.)

Information about the author:

Marina L. Reisner, DSc in Philology, Professor, Institute of Asian and African studies, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Mokhovaya 11, 125009 Moscow, Russia.


E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


The research is devoted to the function of inner commentary in the Nasir-i Khusraw’s poetic works. He had reformed the artistic language of Persian Classic Poetry with the help of strategy of allegorical commentary ‘ta’wil’; which was firstly used only on the Quran’s text. The use of this strategy as a mechanism for creating religious connotations of traditional poetic topics is stated directly in his works, often in the form of explanations and comments. To this end, the poet transformed not only the main focus of the qasida, but also the functions of its canonical structural components. The objects of this article are some examples of allegories based on traditional poetic motifs and standard beginnings of Nasir-i Khusraw’s qasida, his interpretations of term ‘ta’wil’ and author’s discourse upon form and meaning of Word. The article also deals with different kinds of inner commentary in Nasir-i Khusraw’s three spring qasidas. The analysis shows that on the first stage of formation of mystic poetry’s language commentary, giving secret meaning of text was the sphere of author’s individual initiative.

  • Keywords: allegory, connotation, allegorical commentary on the Quran, qasida, inner commentary.


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