Information about the author:
Tatiana R. Gavrish
Tatiana R. Gavrish, PhD in Philology, Senior Researcher, А.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.
The purpose of the work is literary analysis of the means of artistic image of the main character’s specific consciousness of the novel by M. Gorky The Life of Klim Samgin. The author of the article investigates the problem of multiple consciousness of the personality of Gorky’s contemporary-intellectual. The writer uses the description of unconscious and borderline states of the character (in particular states of dream or disease), reception of mixing of the real and unreal, external and internal plans represented by means of introduction in the text of the novel of the East parable for the first time opening to consciousness of Gorky’s hero its internal duality; allegorical dream of Samgin characterizing him from the point of view of the true internal «I» and predicting his death; an episode of Samgin’s half-asleep, which actualizes the question of the truth or illusory nature of his personality, and also reveals the hero’s desire to hide his facelessness or to protect himself from hostile reality; an episode of the distribution of Samgin’s life experience between the twins, internally surrounding him; an episode of the embodiment of the main character’s allegorical dream when moving the state of internal fragmentation of the character in the description of his real life. Internal unity is unattainable for Samgin; the real reality behaves aggressively, not giving him the opportunity to feel the personal integrity and gain individuality. As a result of the study, the author of the presented work managed to prove that, using the method of changing and modifying the means of artistic image of the main character’s of the The Life of Klim Samgin specific consciousness, the author of the novel allows him to draw conclusions concerning the understanding of his own personality — the personality of Gorky’s contemporary-intellectual. This article uses psychological, culturalhistorical, sociological, descriptive methods of research.
Keywords: intellectual, multiple consciousness, changed reality, aggression of reality, duality, self-knowledge, artistic image of consciousness, unconscious and borderline state of the character, real and unreal plans of the depicted, external and internal plans of the depicted.