Information about the authors:
Natalia Z. Kokovina
Natalia Z. Kokovina, DSc in Philology, Associate Professor, Kursk State University, Radishcheva, 33, 305000 Kursk, Russia.
Irina P. Mikhailova
Irina P. Mikhailova, PhD in Philology, Associate Professor, Southwestern State University, 50 Let Oktyabrya, 94, 305040 Kursk, Russia.
The article is devoted to the study of regional materials (Kursk locus), on the basis of which M. Gorky’s relations with writers of Kursk region are revealed in the period of 1910s–1920s, as well as his presence in their creative consciousness, through the prism of which a special atmosphere of life and ideological searches is felt. Attempts are made to understand what communication with M. Gorky meant for each of the writers under consideration. The facts were set out and commented upon of the impact not only of the talent of Maxim Gorky, but the impact of his personality on the outlook of the writers of people’s area on the formation of their artistic positions. Special attention is paid to consideration of long-term communication of M. Gorky with P. Zalomov, I. Volnov as an example of literary practice, lessons of skill and mentoring from the great writer. The article for the first time analyzes the memories of P. Karpov, in which he was able to create a colorful portrait of Gorky. The significance of M. Gorky’s influence, the importance of his advice and critical remarks for Karpov are determined. It is established that the arrival of Gorky in Kursk in 1928 became a kind of unifying factor for the formation of a new literary environment in the region. Support, approval, spiritual participation of the writer were important for novice authors from the working-peasant environment (M. Podobedov, M. Kozlovsky, V. Ivanilov, O. Dode, etc.). Conclusions are drawn about the importance of M. Gorky’s communication with Kursk writers as the most fruitful type of literary influences, which was interfaced with the education of the personality of writers, the formation of their creative handwriting.
Keywords: M. Gorky, creativity, subject matter, personality of the writer.