Information about the author:
Alla V. Naumenko-Porokhina
Alla V. Naumenko-Porokhina, DSc in Philology, Professor, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Bolshaya Sadovaya, 14, 123001 Moscow, Russia.
The article analyses journalism of Gorky 1917–1918, published in the newspaper New Life under his editorship. Later these articles were published in two complementary books: Revolution and culture. Articles for 1917 (Berlin, 1918; 33 articles) and Untimely thoughts. Notes on revolution and culture (Petrograd, 1918; 48 articles). Gorky’s Notes on the revolution and culture proved to be timely and relevant not only in years, but remain the same in our time, because they covered the most important questions of human existence: the rise of the individual involved in the construction of a new society and a new culture; the struggle for the development of education, science, “smart power”, the ability to reform the society and economy; the formation of national identity; an understanding of their world-historical mission, which is implemented in the idea of a new culture and “world brotherhood”. The implementation of these reforms, according to A.M. Gorky, possibly in terms of the failure of political parties and classes from the political struggle and the transition to the processes of comprehensive development of culture and art.
Keywords: Gorky, journalism, revolution and culture, Untimely Thoughts.