Information about the author:
Alexey V. Svyatoslavsky
Alexey V. Svyatoslavsky, DSc in Culturology, Professor, Institute of Philology, Moscow State Pedagogical University, Malaya Pirogovskaya, 1/1, 119991 Moscow, Russia.
Nature in Gorky’s stories appears not so much as a backdrop of unfolding events, but as a participant in these events and a reflection of social conflicts. The forces of nature form the character of the general mood of individual scenes and stories, enter into complex interactions with heroes, helping to manifest themselves in one way or another. The general romantic colour of the early Gorky’s stories and the connection with the roots of folk poetic creativity is manifested in the wide application of the reception of personification of natural forces. Some images (sea, sky, wind) constitute a permanent arsenal of visual means in Gorky’s early works.
Keywords: Maxim Gorky, nineteenth-century Russian literature, poetics of nature, mythopoetics.